As people age, so do their eyes. It’s a common problem among men and women who may have difficulty reading small print, or for those unable to see objects from far away. Certain eye diseases, such as cataracts, glaucoma, and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) can also cause problems among the aging population.
Much like any other type of disease that all people experience, the best cure for any type of eye problem is prevention. You may have heard the saying, “An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure,” and the phrase definitely holds true when it comes to eye disease. Whether you’re young or old, and you experience any eye problems of any kind, it’s always in your best interest to schedule an appointment with your eye doctor immediately.
Cataracts are one of the more prominent problems among older people. Cataracts are characterized by cloudiness in the lens of the eye. They can develop very slowly, and typically don’t disturb your eyes in the early stages. Cataract symptoms include, blurry vision, difficulty seeing at night, sensitivity to light, and fading of colors. If you experience any of these symptoms, be sure to contact your eye doctor for an appointment right away.
In the early stages of cataracts, glasses and stronger lighting can help curb the problem, but eventually, they can interfere with your vision, and can eventually lead to blindness. Fortunately, even the most advanced stages of cataracts can be corrected through surgery.
Put simply, glaucoma is a disease that involves pressure on the inside of eye. The problem with glaucoma is the pressure can actually damage the nerve fibers that carry images from your eye to the brain. In addition, the optic disc (where the fibers from the retina meet) can deteriorate, causing blind spots in your visual field. Unfortunately, if it is left untreated, glaucoma can cause permanent blindness.
The most common type of glaucoma is called open angle glaucoma, and it causes tunnel vision and loss of side vision as well. Glaucoma testing is performed during a comprehensive eye exam as it can develop unexpectedly. This is one of the reasons we all should have our eyes checked on a regular basis.